# Bit Shifting

Bit shifting, be it rotating left or right is so common it's easy to create slow code if you are not careful.

## Shift BC, DE or HL left one bit

This is a 16 bit shift left operation. The first thought would be, especially if you have a 6502 background like myself, is to shift L left 1 bit, clearing bit 0 with carry set to the original bit 7 state, then shift H left 1 bit pulling in carry into bit 0:

However any shift left operation is the same as multiplying the value by 2 or just adding to itself, and the Z80 has a single byte operation to do this.

The same applies for BC or DE.
If you need to shift a 16-bit register left one bit then always use `ADD`

.

## Shift 8-bit register left one bit

This might seem odd but the same optimisation can be done for any of the 8-bit registers.
You can either use `SLA`

or you can just add the register to itself.

Here we can halve both the code size and the time taken to perform the shift.

The downside with `ADD`

is that the original bit 7 of the register is lost.
`SLA`

will preserve it in the Carry flag.

Other than that it's identical, with Z set if the register is now 0 and S set if the new bit 7 is set.