Bit shifting, be it rotating left or right is so common it's easy to create slow code if you are not careful.
Shift BC, DE or HL left one bit
This is a 16 bit shift left operation. The first thought would be, especially if you have a 6502 background like myself, is to shift L left 1 bit, clearing bit 0 with carry set to the original bit 7 state, then shift H left 1 bit pulling in carry into bit 0:
However any shift left operation is the same as multiplying the value by 2 or just adding to itself, and the Z80 has a single byte operation to do this.
The same applies for BC or DE.
If you need to shift a 16-bit register left one bit then always use
Shift 8-bit register left one bit
This might seem odd but the same optimisation can be done for any of the 8-bit registers.
You can either use
SLA or you can just add the register to itself.
Here we can halve both the code size and the time taken to perform the shift.
The downside with
ADD is that the original bit 7 of the register is lost.
SLA will preserve it in the Carry flag.
Other than that it's identical, with Z set if the register is now 0 and S set if the new bit 7 is set.